Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Roses and Revelations: Homage to the Virgin by Mexican textile artists

by Joyce Wycoff
Artist: Pascuala Vásquez Hernández
Zinacantán, Chiapas.



A unique, textile exhibit honoring the Virgin of Guadalupe and representing the work of textile artists from 52 Mexican communities will open at the State Museum of Oaxacan Folk Art (MEAPO) in San Bartolo Coyotepec, Oaxaca in December. The inauguration will be at 1:00 pm on Sunday, December 9. The show will be up until March 15, 2019.

The Virgin of Guadalupe is an omnipresent theme in the work of Mexican artisans and began to fascinate Linda Hanna, conceptualizer of this exhibit, at an early age on her first trip to Mexico.

Artist: Faustina Sumana García
San Juan Chilateca, Oaxaca.

Linda explains, "I first became aware of the Virgin of Guadalupe during a trip to Mexico that my family took in 1959. I watched as the devout approached the Basilica on their bandaged and sometimes bloody knees. This made a big impression on me at the age of thirteen, even though I was not Catholic."
Artist: Margarita Avendaño Luis
Pinotepa de Don Luis, Oaxaca.

The reverence for Guadalupe, fascinated Linda and she began to study the Virgins history starting with the miracle of her revelation on the cloak of Juan Diego, a local indigenous man, to the banner made in 1810 by the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, featuring the Virgin in an effort to unite the people of Mexico in a struggle for independence, to her ever-present image throughout Mexico. 
After living in Oaxaca for a few years, Linda organized the first “Virgin Playday,” a festive gathering on December 12th (the Virgins saint day) in which women come together in her folk-art filled home to make their own sculptures of the Virgin. In 2017 there were almost forty participants and it triggered an idea.
Artist: Hever Martínez Velasco
San Pedro Cajonos, Oaxaca.

Seeing women coming together to make art honoring the Virgin gave Linda the idea for creating a Virgin of Guadalupe exhibit featuring clothing made by individual, textile artists from various regions of Mexico and representing many different techniques. Because Linda knows so many textile artists she was able to pull together work from ten states of Mexico: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico (State), Michoacán, Puebla, Tlaxcala and Yucatán. The exhibit includes not only clothing, but also accessories, such as bags, shawls and jewelry, items worn close to the heart.
Artist: Gildardo Hernández Quero
San Pablo Villa de Mitla, Oaxaca.

Linda describes how the artists have responded to being included in this project:
"In many conversations I had with the artists, I was moved by their sincere enthusiasm and the honor they felt at being given the opportunity to depict the Virgin. One artist even went to his church to have his thread blessed and to pray for guidance in capturing the beauty of his muse. 
For most, this commission meant coming to terms with the limitations of an ancestral process and innovating in order to accomplish the desired result. For these reasons, there is a certain transcendent quality about these pieces that distinguishes this collection.
In addition to recruiting the artists and planning the details of the show, she plans to make it a traveling exhibition and will talk more about that and the show at the Oaxaca Lending Library at 5pm on January 4 and February 1.
Artist: Enriqueta Cenobio Calixto
San Felipe Santiago, Estado de México.

-- Linda Hanna has been an avid supporter of local folk art since she first moved to Oaxaca in 1997. Prior to that, she spent fifteen years working as a fiber artist and therefore has profound appreciation for the textile traditions and talent found in many Oaxacan communities. For the past 14 years she has acted as coordinator for the Oaxacan artists who participate in the annual craft show Feria Maestros del Arte. She operates a Bed & Breakfast out of her home: www.folkartfantasy.com

Monday, November 19, 2018

Huichol Beaded-Art Surfboard

by Joyce Wycoff

It was a surprise to see a surfboard at the Feria Maestros del Arte and it pulled me into a conversation with Cilau Valadéz Navarro, the Huichol artist who began to tell me the story about the symbolism on the surfboard.

The next day, he agreed to tell the story on video. It's an incredible piece of art: a full-sized surfboard covered with thousands of tiny beads, each one embedded by hand into a base of beeswax.

Here's the link of Cilau telling the story: Huichol Beaded-art surfboard.


Sunday, November 18, 2018

"The clay is also shaping us." Guadalupe García Rios.

A wonderful thing about the Feria is that there are always surprises.

Guadalupe García Rios
Guadalupe García Rios opened her "Story behind the Art" presentation about high-fired ceramics with a short video which made us laugh, cry and fall in love with her art and with her.


Guadalupe loves clay. At one point in the video she proves her passion by flinging herself face first into a pile of clay.


Don't miss this beautiful and inspiring video done by two incredibly talented young people: Alma Silva and  Helios Nieto, who spent a month with Guadalupe and captured her heart and the brilliance of this folk art. Thank you Alma and Helios for permission to share this touching video.

Click here to watch video







Tuesday, October 30, 2018

The Feria is a community


by Marianne Carlson, Founder
 
The Feria is a community and sometimes we need to remember that we have just as much impact on the artisans who come to our community as they do on us. 
 
Recently Feria Board member, Donna Williams, received a letter from Margaret Ancira who had been traveling in Oaxaca and met a black-pottery artisan whose work she admired. Her note touched our hearts. 
 
When the artisan found out she was from Ajijic, he started telling her how much the Feria meant to him and that it was something he would never forget. She said, "His face lit up and his eyes watered at the same time. His entire face gleamed as he told me of those days he spent here.”

When she asked him if the Feria was a good one for him, he told her they had sold every piece the family had brought. She said the man was, “eloquent in his gratitude to his host family.  He told me over and over how kind they were to his family...how they took them around the area to see the sights and fed them so well.”

I was particularly interested when she said he told her about how the Feria and his trip had affected his work and his family. He said he was more dedicated to helping his children be successful and teaching them be more serious about the business and to know that hard work brings the pleasures and rewards of life. 
 
Margaret told us, "I want you to know that Feria Maestros del Arte makes a difference to the vendor participants.  Not just monetarily but it also expands their world view. He really loved his time here, being with us NOB folks, and living the Ajijic life.  He was so grateful for all of it."
 
Margaret's note reminded me of how impactful every aspect of the Feria can be to the artisans who travel here to become part of the community we now call the Feria. Their lives are touched in so many ways we never even know about. Thank you so much, Margaret, for sharing your experience

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Rebozos - Endangered Folk Art?



Reprinted with permission from Mexico Stories

Note: Special discussion of the history and endangerment of this symbol of Mexican identity at Feria Maestros del Arte, November 9-11, 2018.

By definition, a rebozo is a handmade shawl woven either on a footloom or backstrap loom. Which means that any shawl or length of material, no matter how beautiful, should not be called a rebozo unless it is handmade. 

The history is long for this particular textile item, and continues to grow more complicated with time.

Neill James, an adventurer and travel writer in the 1940s, wrote in her book, Dust on My Heart, "The rebozo, a two-meter length of cotton or silk, is the most useful garment ever thought up by women.
"It’s a wrap during the chill dawn and after sunset hours; during the heat of the day draped Arab style over the head, it’s a hat. Coiled turban-like atop the head, it serves as padding when carrying a heavy burden. Given a few intricate folds and purchased fetchingly at an angle, shading the face on the sunny side, it’s an eyecatcher. 

I’ve seen babies wrapped in it, women sleeping in it; I’ve seen it uses dexterously as a shield while a nude modestly bathed in the river. Tied across the shoulders, it is an effective knapsack for caring heavy burdens. Draped madonna-like over the head it is high fashion is the most exclusive church.
And in her own, sometimes slanted, style, she added, "And should fancy dictate, with her rebozo, a woman could even hang herself.“

Wikipedia states:
The origin of the garment is unclear, but most likely derived in the early colonial period, as traditional versions of the garment show indigenous, European and Asian influences. Traditional rebozos are handwoven from cotton, wool, silk and rayon in various lengths but all have some kind of pattern (usually from the ikat method of dying) and have fringe, which can be finger weaved into complicated designs. The garment is considered to be part of Mexican identity and nearly all Mexican women own at least one. It has been prominently worn by women such as Frida Kahlo, actress María Félix and former Mexican first lady Margarita Zavala and still popular in rural areas of the country. However, its use has diminished in urban areas.
We should be happy the term rebozo comes from the Spanish rather than the Nahua, an indigenous people who call it "ciua nequealtlapacholoni.” 
This bit of material has been beloved by women throughout time and place in Mexico and played a role in the Mexican Revolution of 1910 when it was adopted by the Adelitas. These rebel women used it to smuggle guns and other weapons past government checkpoints making it synonymous with Mexico's struggle for independence.

Is the Rebozo, symbol of Mexican identity endangered?

Rebozo by Teofila Servin, Feria Maestros del Arte 2018
Ana Celia Martínez, professor of Mesoamerican studies at the National Autonomous University, says there are fewer than 200 rebozo weavers left in Mexico.

Logically, the culprits are progress and globalization. As Professor Martínez states, "Chinese rebozos are inexpensive and mass-produced using synthetic fibers. The end product is very fragile and frays very easily and the dyes wash off after a short time, while Mexican rebozos can remain intact for decades.”

Professor Martínez won the Tenerife International Artisan Prize 2014 for her project, “Izote, Iczotl, fiber with identity, tradition and permanence,” designed to preserve an endangered type of fiber called izote, which is produced in Zumpahuacán in the State of México. (Izote is known as the yucca plant in the southwestern US.)
Izote is seen to have historical importance because its use in pre-Hispanic times is evident in documents such as the Codex Mendoza, a 16th-century manuscript containing a history of Aztec rulers, where the pictograms show izote blankets.
Marta Turok
At Feria Maestros del Arte 2018, the premier Mexican folk art fair in Mexico, Marta Turoka Mexican applied anthropologist focusing on socio-economic development will speak on the forces that endanger the rebozo. Through research, government work, education and advocacy, she has worked to raise the prestige of Mexican handcrafts and folk art and to help artisans improve their economic status. Her work has been recognized with awards from various governmental and non-governmental agencies.

More about rebozos:

More about Izote:

Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Meet Mexico in three days at Feria Maestros del Arte


2017 Artista from Chiapas
When you come to Feria Maestros del Arte, you will be seeing more than Mexican folk art and colorful costumes. You will be meeting Mexico in a way few travelers do.
For instance, several days before the Feria, Zenaida Hernández Gómez and  Cristina Hernández Pérez have been packing and organizing the textile works from the 50 women who make up Compa Lucha, a cooperative from villages in the municipality of Chenalhó. Zenaida and Cristina are from the village of Yaxgemel Unión, population 362, which is an Abejas community. They will join 40 other artists from Chiapas for a long bus ride to the Feria where each artist will set up their woven and embroidered textiles, pottery, hand carved kitchen utensils, jewelry, rugs, and much more.

Textiles from Compa Lucha
If you wanted to visit them, you would most likely fly into the modern airport outside Tuxtla Gutiérrez, a bustling capital city of 500,000 and home of the marimba, and then drive, take a bus or taxi into the highlands where the stunning, colonial city of San Cristóbal de las Casas sits at 2200 meters (7200 feet). As you're enjoying the beauty, history and food of this cultural capital of Chiapas, it will be a challenge to remember that in 1994, the revolutionary Zapatistas took over the city. 
The long trip from Chiapas to Chapala
Continuing the journey to Yaxgemel, you would leave San Cristóbal and drive into the sparsely populated, mountainous backroads of Mexico. Eventually, you would reach Chenalhó, a town of about 3,000. From there you would have to ask directions from the locals, most of whom don’t speak English or Spanish, because Yaxgemel isn’t on Google Maps.

Photo from Lakeside Guide
Of course, you could also just come to the beautiful yacht club in Chapala and meet Zenaida and Cristina in person and see their incredible rebozos, huipils and other hand made and embroidered items. If you have time and find one of the many Spanish-speaking Feria volunteers to help you, you could also ask them about being part of an Abejas community. Abejas, “the bees” is a Christian pacifist civil society group of Tzotzil Maya formed in Chenalhó in 1992 following a property dispute that left one person dead and a controversy about who was at fault. 

When the Zapatista Army of National Liberation uprising took place in 1994, Las Abejas stood in solidarity with the the principles they were fighting for, but not their violent means, and paid a high price for their support when 45 of their members were massacred while praying in a church.

Zenaida and Cristina represent only one story and one form of folk art you will encounter at the Feria. There are 83 other booths of authentic Mexican folk art and artisans from all over Mexico with their own stories and art handed down through the generations. To help visitors understand more of the deep background of this art and the artisans who make it, the Feria is presenting a series of speakers and demonstrations to meet the artists and understand the stories behind their art. There will be two presentations each day of the Feria, morning and afternoon.  Here is the schedule:
*** Friday 11/9
10:30-11:30 Guadalupe Garcia Rios - Ceramics (Tent 1)
2:30-3:30 Jacobo Mendoza - Rug Weaver (Tent 1)

*** Sat 11/10
10:30-11:30 Dream Weavers - Weavers & Dyers (Tent 1) 
2:30-3:30 Martha Turok - Special Guest: Rebozos and  sarapes
two emblematic garments at risk (Tent 1)

*** Sunday 11/11
10:30-11:30 Martha Turok - Special Guest: Challenges of 
sustainability and natural dyes (Tent 1)  
2:30-3:30 Cilau Valadez- Huichol yarn paintings (Tent 1)
So, when you come to the Feria, not only will you meet Mexico in three days, you will be playing a part in saving Mexican folk art for the future. In small villages all over Mexico, families are making beautiful art. The Feria is a non-profit organization that charges no fees or commissions and pays for all the transportation costs for the artists. 
All of the money the artists earn at the Feria goes home with them, and, for many of the artists, the Feria is their major source of income for the year. Your purchases represent more than beautiful things, they are a connection to real people, real stories from actual families living in remote villages, working every day to bring their art to you during this one three-day event every year.

Please join us: Feria Maestros del Arte, November 9-11, 2018. Chapala Yacht Club.

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Feria 2018 Schedule

Here's the entertainment and Stories behind the Art schedule for 2018:

Click here for a printable pdf.
For best quality print, download first. Or, choose print option at bottom of pdf.


Day
Time
Entertainment
(Place)
Stories behind the Art
(TENT 1)
Friday
Hours: 9:30 - 5:30

9:30-10:30

Mariachi Nuevo Chapala 
(Welcome to the Feria)

10-30-11:30

Guadalupe Garcia Rios - High fire ceramics from Michoacán
11:30 -12:30
Fashion Show 
(Stage and Strolling)
11:30-12:30
Marimba Bahia
(Throughout grounds)
2:00-3:00
Black String
(Throughout grounds)

2:30-3:30
Jacobo Mendoza - Rug weaver from Oaxaca
3:00-4:00
Marimba Bahia
(Throughout grounds)

Saturday
Hours: 9:30 - 5:30
9:30-10:30
Black String
(Welcome to the Feria)
10:30-11:30
Dreamweavers Weavers & yers from Oaxaca
12:30-1:30
Mariachi Mujer Latino
(Stage)
1:30-2:30
Fashion Show 
(Stage and Strolling)
2:30-3:30

Special Guest: Marta Turok - Rebozos & sarapes at risk
2:30-3:30
Marimba Bahia
(Throughout grounds)
Sunday
Hours: 9:30 - 4:30
9:30-10:30
Marimba Bahia
(Welcome to the Feria)
10:30-11:30
SPECIAL GUEST: Marta Turok - Sustainability & natural dyes
12:00-1:00
Fashion Show 
(Stage and Strolling)
1:00-1:30
LCS Children’s Art Program Awards (Stage)
2:00-2:45
Ballet Folclórico Ixtlahuacan de los Membrillos (Stage)
2:00-3:00
Black String
(Throughout grounds)
2:30-3:30
Cilau Valadez - Huichol yarn painting from Jalisco

Saturday, September 29, 2018

It's a Feria ... it's a Fiesta!

How can you have a fiesta without food, music, dancers … and a daily fashion show? At Feria 2018, you can explore the wonders of Mexican folk art in the artists booths and be wowed by Mexican music, dancing and food throughout the beautiful Lake Chapala grounds.

Every morning attendees will be greeted by musicians who will also perform while strolling through the grounds or in the stage area throughout the day. This year’s musicians will be:

Mariachi Nuevo Chapala … a favorite local mariachi group
Black String Victor García & his father, Ignacio García, are gifted and popular musicians who play at many venues in the Lake Chapala area.
Marimba Bahia … upbeat marimba group from Guadalajara

Mariachi Femenil … popular, all female mariachi group from Tlaquepaque (Saturday only)
On Sunday the Ballet Folklorico Ixlahuacan de los Membrillos will paint the stage with their color and beauty.
The Feria Fashion show ... every day!
From Panama hats to guayaberas (men’s shirts), huipiles (full-length dresses and waist-length blouses) and rebozos, are accessorized with fabulous jewelry. Models present the master of ceremonies with information about where to purchase what they are wearing. 

And did someone mention food?

This year Feria patrons will be able to eat tacos and salads prepared by Doña Lu, fresh sandwiches made by the Swedish Bakery, or you may purchase a healthy Maringa smoothy prepared by the Maringa Madres, part of Operation Feed and who grow the Maringa locally. Tables and chairs for diners are available for tired, hungry and thirsty patrons.

Daily Schedule

Friday 11/9 
9:30-10:30. Mariachi Nuevo Chapala - Open Feria & stroll
10:30-11:30 Guadalupe Garcia Rios - High-fire ceramics (Tent 1)
11:30-12:30 Fashion Show - Stage
11:30-12:30 Marimba Bahia -  Strolling
2:00-3:00 Black String - Strolling
2:30-3:30 Jacobo Mendoza - Rug Weaver (Tent 1)
3:00-4:00 Marimba Bahia - Stage

Sat 11/10
9:30-10:30 Black String - Open Feria & stroll
10:30-11:30 Dream Weavers - Weavers & Dyers (Tent 1)
12:30-1:30 Mariachi Femenil Tlaquepaque - Stage
1:30-2:30 Fashion Show - Strolling and stage
2:30-3:30 Martha Turok - Special Guest: Rebozos and sarapes, two emblematic garments at risk (Tent 1) 
2:30-3:30 Marimba Bahia - Stage

Sunday 11/11
9:30-10:30 Marimba Bahia - Open Feria & stroll
10:30-11:30 Martha Turok - Special Guest: Challenges of sustainability and natural dyes (Tent 1)  
12:00-1:00 Fashion Show - Strolling and stage
1:00-1:30 LCS Childrens's Art Awards - Stage
2:00-3:00 Black String - Stroll
2:00-2:45 Ballet Foclórico Ixtlahuacan de los Membrillos - Stage  
2:30-3:30 Cilau Valadez- Huichol yarn paintings (Tent 1)

Friday, September 28, 2018

Amate: from banned to beloved Mexican folk art


"Nowhere was the cord between man and spirit 
more tightly bound than in the making of amatl,  
the sacred paper of the pre-Hispanic peoples.” 
— Rita Pomade,  
 
Making amate

The cord was almost broken and might have been destroyed and lost forever if it hadn’t been for the Otomi peoples of Puebla. 

Imagine a current industry, central to the well-being of all people. Paper for instance. 
Imagine your life without paper, even in this day of electronics. Imagine a foreign power coming in and banning the production of paper, all paper ... no Bibles, no textbooks, no magazines or newspapers, no photographs, art prints, posters about coming events, or even business cards. 

That’s what began in the 1500s when Spanish conquistadors and priests decided that amatl … bark paper … was the work of the devil. We know they destroyed almost all of the codices, folded paper books, but they also destroyed the paper-making process and the foundation of the Maya and Nahua information systems. Thousands of years of knowledge and wisdom disappeared and only bits and pieces have now been put back together.

It’s hard to imagine, but here’s a story Rita Pomade tells in her article referenced above that offers a sense of the scope of the loss:
Records show that in 1507, when Moctezuma had to prepare for the New Fire Ceremony, a ritual of renewed life that took place every 52 years, he ordered a million sheets of amatl to be delivered to Tenochtitlan to insure that the ceremony would be successful and to avoid the wrath of the gods.

By the time Cortes arrived on the shores of Mesoamerica, there were at least forty-two papermaking centers, and they were producing almost half a million sheets of paper per year for use in tribute alone.
Only in the remote villages of the Otomi people was traditional bark paper and painting maintained as part of their important traditional ceremonies and rituals. Rita Pomade continues:
The Otomis still prepared the paper from the bark of the ficus and the bark of the mulberry tree - brown paper from the ficus and white paper from the mulberry - just as they had done in pre-Columbian times. … In spite of the dangers involved, these people had continued their rituals dedicated to fertility, successful crops, and curing disease.
By the 1970s, amate artists were finally starting to gain the attention they deserved, and the art form spread outside of Puebla and into neighboring states, where artisans of this region, who had once only decorated their pottery, started putting their colorful paintings on this unique paper, painting scenes of festivals and village life, using mostly animal hair and plant fiber brushes to apply natural colors and dyes.

Feria Maestros del Arte, Mexico's premier folk art event, will feature six different paper artisans, including two masters of amate:

Rubelio Sánchez Santos. - from one of the Otomi villages that helped keep this art form alive, 
Rubelio now takes it to a new level. He twists and molds the paper into fantastic patterns as strips of the paper are braided, twisted and inserted into the design seamlessly.  
His amate comes from the bark of the Jonote tree that is soaked in a hot water bath with natural dyes such as flowers, ash, etc. Later the pulp strips are placed on a board in a grid form and hammered with a flat stone until the paper holds its form. He has developed several very interesting methods to decorate the paper with natural found objects such as seeds, and also embroiders the paper by hand and elaborately records designs representing the different Otomí gods.
Juan Damaso Gaspar & Eutimia Mendoza Fabian, has been painting on amate for over 30 years. He lives in Xalitla, a town in the Balsas River basin in the state of Guerrero that is renowned for producing amate paintings.  

 ***
These two artists will help you understand how this art form which was banned 500 years ago has now become one of the most beloved of the Mexican folk arts. 
More information: